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1 / 9 view towards the rice fields


busan | 城市生態編碼

Format | 形式: international competition | 國際設計競賽
Year | 年份: 2010
Type | 類型: territorial analysis and masterplan development | 區域分析及城市總體規劃
Size | 規模: 18 sqkm | 18 平方公里
Location| 地點: Gadeokdo, Busan, South Korea | 韓國,釜山
Collaboration with | 合作人: Anna Lambertini, Paolo Battaglia, Rui Liu, Tina Qiu, Camilla Dubini

 
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2 / 9 indexing


ec(os)cript

“What is interesting today, and what matters, is infrastructure. Although modernists offered this inside long ago, only today can we see that it was actually prophecy.”
Sanford Kwinter

Scenario

-The analysis of the urban morphology reveals a rhizomatic pattern in which a spatial structure is roughly recognizable. The constructions overlap randomly generating a chaotic in-between space of informal surfaces.
-This urban structure reveals the historical lack of urban codes.
-The space of the village is defined by fishing areas and crops, the public is residual, at first lacking a clear form of expression and intent.
-Overall the urban spaces and infrastructures maintain their specificity, preserving a local scale of relations that seamlessly allow their integration within the natural landscape.

ec(os)cript
“基礎設施才是真正有趣而要緊的------很多現代主義建筑師早就提出的預言,如今已經成為現實?!?br /> 桑福特·昆特

場景
- 韓國Gadeokdo,18平方公里
-從城市形態的分析中我們得到了一個根狀形結構框架,從中能夠識別出一個大體的空間布局。建筑物隨機散落在一片混沌的空間關系中。
-這種結構特征表明了在城市規劃中長期缺乏設計導則。
- 村落的主要產業是漁業和種植業,公共空間只是剩余的被動的空間,缺乏明確的設計意圖。
-總的來說,城市空間與基礎設施仍保持著其各自的特征,并與自然景觀充分融合,共同維持場地敘事性。

 
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3 / 9 scripting process


From typology to bio-morphology

The milieu of this project is the understanding of the relationship between two terms: natural and artificial. Its aim is the reconsideration, the “profanation” and re-description of these two adjectives that nowadays are framing a system of cultural/social/epistemological impasse.
Our design seeks a responsive and relational approach in which the process becomes the active protagonist of the morphogenesis, defining scales, relationships and forms... The biological form of expression and its generative code are our political decision, the agents that filter and allow the pathology of two isolated antithetic entities, such as self-complacent buildings and na?ve unproductive landscapes, to be resolved organically, at once.
Nature is a fluid system of temporal emergences, which has to be scientifically analyzed to be then genetically modified.
A parametric understanding allows a more thorough assessment of the environment and offers specific and complex design solutions that could integrate several systems and layers of information: ecological, social and spatial.

由類型學到仿生學

該項目基于對自然與人造的認識。兩者在文學、社會學、認識論等方面至今仍無法達成共識,方案旨在反思和重建兩者之間的關系。我們探索建立一種基于回應和關聯的設計過程,在這個過程中形態、規模和外表可被靈活調整。通過采取自然演變的方式,我們能夠調和兩者之間僵持的對立關系,就像修復飽和建筑物或是改善荒廢的景觀那樣進行操作,將癥狀有機的、徹底的根除。

自然是一個靈活多變的系統,我們依據科學的邏輯分析對其進行“演變”。通過使用參數將不同信息與層級(例如生態、社會以及空間)進行整合,能夠更加準確地對其估量和分析,最終得到具體且精細的設計解決方案。

 
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4 / 9 masterplan infrastructure


Process

The project “ec(os)cript” schematizes an infrastructural intervention, evaluating and synthesizing several aspects and visualizing the island underlying data-scape to propose a symbiotic “material organization”.
The continuous exchange, mutual relationships and definition of genotypic (existing conditions, materials, energetic landscapes) and phenotypic (users' will and environment continuous alteration) elements point towards a definition of an “epigenetic landscape”.

The aspects considered are:
-the energies and qualities of the territory quantifying its rate of production, movements of goods
-the system of road (car and pedestrians) and water transportation; its deficiencies and intensities
-the morphology and the composition of the existing settlements in forms of space relationships,
-the commercial aspect of the island and its future urban expansion as proposed by the competition brief, critically assessing which could become its future ecological thresholds.

設計過程

“ec(os)cript”項目描述了基礎設施如何通過評測和整合島嶼潛在的數據系統來建議一個共生關系的“物質組織模式”。
對交換關系、互利共生、遺傳型(現有狀況、材質、能源景觀)以及表現型(用戶的意向和環境的改變)元素的定義都匯入到“Epigenetic Landscape”的界定。

我們所考慮方面為:
- 量化土地性能、生產速率、物流、能源等數據
- 道路系統(車輛與人流)和水上運輸的優劣比較
- 現存的形態與結構在空間中的相互關系
- 在競賽任務書中對島嶼的商業建設與城市發展進行了評估,這可能是向島嶼未來生態建設所邁出的第一步。

 
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5 / 9 cluster analysis


The algorithm “ec(os)cript” is a processual device and its formal output is directed by parameters that define intensities. The genetic code operates at two different levels working as a feed-back loop machine in which:
-at a macro scale a dynamic range and variable mixture of activities is constantly monitored and driven by the municipality. The overall relations, the monetary output and its commercial value can be precisely defined due to the constant exchange of information with the island rates of production.
-at a micro scale the system resilience allows the users, actual and future inhabitant to define their proper niche, forming and protecting their vital scenario. At this level, formal and effectual relations can be manually operated by the users on the local code through the definition of parameters such as scale, proximity, mass, growth, inclusion, exclusion, openness, closeness, attraction, repulsion… the combination of these relations leads to a site-user specific architectural definition.

“ec(os)cript”算法可通過不同強度的參數改變其過程形式,兩種不同層級之間形成反饋回路對遺傳代碼進行同時調控,其中:
- 從宏觀上調控政府監督和管理范圍內的活動。通過生產率以及信息交換我們能夠準確定義島嶼的全面關系、經營額度與商業價值。
- 從微觀形式上來看,該系統允許居民通過改善環境的方式來定義各自宜居的生活空間。在這基礎之上,用戶可以依據地方導則有效地調控諸如規模尺度、長短距離、群眾關系、發展方式、容量大小、排斥強度、開放性質、保守性質、吸引力等參數。綜上所述,這樣的一種組合關系使得居住者對建筑的定義不再千篇一律。

 
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6 / 9 micro-cluster formation


The ongoing nature of the process enables different configurations. Framing multiple and potential scenarios and responding to the market contingencies has an implicit risk: being completely oblivious of the political implication that this freedom could cause and of the potential damages that the public space, the space of the collectivity, might suffer.
We believe that the system boundaries should be tight enough to define punctually an infrastructure able to draw the distinction between what is labile, modifiable, vague and reprogrammable, in this case by the economic agenda of the market, and what should be on the other side the empty space of sociality.
We tactically achieve the goal linking punctually and spatially the infrastructure, the system production and the public space.

這種過程的開放性決定其引發不同的形態結果。應充分考慮具有發展潛力的多樣化模式,并應對市場突發性可能帶來風險:完全忽視了這些所產生的政治糾紛以及公共空間可能帶來的損害。
我們認為該系統的界限應該足夠緊湊以定義基礎設施,在基礎設施中應該分清不穩定、可修改、模糊、可編程(比如由市場的經濟計劃編程的)等方面和另一方面的社交空間。
為實現這一目標,我們在一些關鍵節點會將基礎設施、系統生成、公共空間綜合考慮。

 
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7 / 9 spatial relationships


In this sense, although the process is free to be changed at different times/scales, the overall spatial qualities are defined, the masterplan could be temporally transformed but its pace of growth will remain unchanged. The infrastructure becomes a ground of possibilities, being a performative technical manufact and a public space at once.
The project is therefore structured as follows: a superstructure at the level of macro-areas that connects the five big clusters (Nulcha, the new port, the airport, base 1 and base 2), a mobility that wraps around the primary cluster with a dense network of connections and a secondary pedestrian layer that goes inside the blocks.

在某種意義上說,即使該過程可以在不同時間和規模上改變,總的空間質量仍可受到控制,總體規劃也可能被暫時修改,但是其發展的速度是不變的?;∩枋┰虺性亓碩嘀摯贍芐?,不僅具有工程學意義上的功能性,亦是公共空間的發生器。
于是項目可以被理解成建構于以下方面:將5個大型簇群(Nulcha,新開的港口,機場,1號基地,2號基地),連結主要功能組群的交通網絡系統------這個系統包含密集的路網以及一個深入滲透入各街區的步行網絡。

 
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8 / 9 view from the main axis


Micro

The “micro” defines the project core and the precondition necessary to its sustainability. The masterplan is composed by the aggregation of ecologically independent clusters in which their entity - mixture, rate and volume of activities - has been defined at a macro level but their behavior could be locally corrupted and modified within certain flexible thresholds. Thus, potential flaws pertaining one cell affect the other components only partially protecting the overall functionality of the system.

微觀

“微型”解釋了方案的核心內容,并作為其可持續性的必不可少的先決條件。總體規劃由生態獨立簇群的集合來組成,簇群的本質(活動的混合狀態、比率、容量)在宏觀程度被制定,但是其運行會受到當地一定程度的變化。于此如果一個組成簇群出現缺點,這只局部地影響到其他簇群,以便?;ぷ芴逑低車墓δ芐?。
時間
“ec(os)cript”項目是持續進行的過程,其結構較為靈活,是按照當地土地的變化和用戶的意志來設計的。時間作為各種城市設計項目的尺寸,在這里也是一個重要的組成成分。而我們提供的圖景也只是鉆石的一個斷面,是無限可能的演化愿景中的一段縮影。

關于城市導則與用戶(居民 - 市政府)之間的互動關系,我們考慮過2個方案:
- 主動性的積極參與并最終主導系統。用戶可以參加公共活動、業務,可以不停地改變島嶼的未來。
- 被動性的“拒絕戰略”,只能成功改變區域內極少部分的區塊跟民眾。

 
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9 / 9 test of the interior effects


Time

The “ec(os)cript” project is an ongoing process, an immanent subject whose configuration is flexible and tailored locally on the transformation of the territory and on the user will. Although the time is a dimension of every urban project, here it is embodied in the DNA of the process. The configuration that we are presenting is just a fragment, a crystallized image extracted from a possible evolution.
Two options are contemplated about the interaction between the code and the users (inhabitants-municipality):
-active participation leading to a temporal subjugation to the operative system. The user could take part in the collective arena constantly modulating and remodeling the future of the island.
-passive “strategy of refusal” in which only very strict local and personal parameters can be changed.

時間

“ec(os)cript”項目是正在進行中的過程,其結構較為靈活,是按照當地土地的變化和用戶的意志來設計的。時間作為各種城市設計項目的尺寸,在這里也是一個重要的過程成分。我們建議結構只是一塊碎片,是從預料演變過程中提取的畫面。
關于城市導則與用戶(居民 - 市政府)之間的互動關系,我們考慮過2個提議方案:
-導致臨時服從運行系統的主動性參加。用戶可以參加公共活動、業務,可以不停地改變島嶼的未來。
-被動性的“拒絕戰略”,其中只有一些地方和個人的參數才能被改變的。