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1 / 14 water run-off and existing vegetation


jianshi | 堅石市總體規劃

Year | 年份: 2012
Location | 地點: Jianshi, Hubei, China | 中國,湖北,堅石
Status | 狀態: concept | 概念方案

Type | 類型: masterplan | 總體規劃
Size | 規模: 20 sqkm | 20 平方公里
Client | 業主: jianshi government | 堅石市政府

Team | 團隊: Chen Chen (陳忱), Federico Ruberto, Nicola Saladino

 
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2 / 14 slope analysis


This project is the result of a collaboration with the Design and Research Institute of Hunan University. The Institute had been working for several months on the masterplan of Jianshi, a small city located in a mountainous area of the Hubei province. Our task was to analyze and assess the potentials and weaknesses of the existing proposal and provide possible alternatives.

這個項目是reMIX臨界工作室與湖南大學設計研究院合作設計。堅石市是湖北省山區的一座小型城市,當時設計院已經在該城市總體規劃上投入了幾個月的時間。我們在該項目中負責分析和評估現有方案的潛力以及薄弱環節,并提出改進的可能性。

 
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3 / 14 slope analysis: classification


The city is planned to expand from 50.000 to 200.000 inhabitants in the next 10 years, practically occupying the totality of the available flat land that is currently used for agricultural production. As a result of such expansion the economy of the city is also meant to evolve from primary to secondary and tertiary industry, generating an important and potentially violent rupture with its traditional identity.

在接下來的十年里,堅石市人口將由如今的5萬增長至20萬,若維持現有的城市密度, 城市化將會吞噬掉現有平坦區域上的耕地。隨著人口增長,城市經濟發展目標也將由第一產業向第二、第三產業轉移,堅石市也將不可避免的面臨與傳統特征割裂的局面。

 
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4 / 14 water run-off and accumulation


Although the infrastructure and the urban fabric are carefully designed, taking into consideration the particular morphology of the terrain, and the functional distribution avoids most of the typical problems related to mono-functional zoning, the original masterplan seems to lack a clear phasing strategy and does not take full advantage of the potentials of the natural context.

現有規劃方案結合當地特殊地勢條件,合理解決了城市肌理的梳理及市政設施的敷設,也避免了如單一功能區劃的問題。但是,這個方案缺乏城市分期發展的策略,并未能充分利用當地自然環境所帶來的優勢和潛力。

 
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5 / 14 landslide control: water run-off and slope analysis


Thus we elaborate a scheme that is in-formed by the materiality of the site, constituting an energetic material assemblage that can build-up a dialogue between the topography, the soil and the hydrology of the site on the one hand and the functionality and quality of the urban space on the other. We propose a system of synergies in which the urban fabric is spatially and symbiotically articulated over the natural environment, actively enhancing its potentials.

據此,我們提議建立一個綜合體系作為優化方案,能夠因地制宜,使城市的空間形態,功能結構與當地的地形,土壤和水文系統更好的協調。使場域性、類型化的城市肌理能夠更順暢的融入周邊環境,并更合理的利用自然資源。

 
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6 / 14 soil quality


Within an integrated system of green corridors, the productive landscape then becomes an important element of the public space. Analyzing the quality and productivity of the landscape, we are able to create a sequence of spatial transformations that preserves the most valuable natural elements and allows a smoother transition from the rural to the new urban economy.

城市景觀廊道系統中的農業景觀將成為與城市空間密切結合的公共空間。通過對地形、光照、坡度等不同因素的分析,我們評價了不同區域土壤的生產力,一方面確定了生態價值較高的自然?;で?,一方面實現農業向新城市產業的平穩過渡。

 
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7 / 14 water run-off concentration


In terms of design process, we divided our research in two branches, natural and artificial, which are then re-described as a single system of qualities, quantities and performances - i.e. intensities. Through the indexing* of the site we generate maps and diagrams that are the graphic translation of specific systems of relations. * for a deeper understanding of the term and methodology, please refer to the 羽毛球拍专卖 section

在設計過程中,我們將研究劃分為兩大分支:自然系統和人工系統,并最終將這兩個系統用統一的參數來歸納和描述:質量,數量,功能,強度。通過對地段的參數化分析 若要深入了解,請參見 學術部分首頁 section

 
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8 / 14 soil productivity evaluation


We generate maps and diagrams that are the graphic translation of specific systems of relations.
The quantity and qualities extracted from the analysis of different layers are then dissected and recombined to produce a more comprehensive and holistic knowledge of the territory.

我們以測繪和示意圖的方式將系統內在關系進行視覺化的表達。這些多層次的,基于量和質的分析最終通過整合而構成我們對地段綜合而宏觀的了解和評價。

 
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9 / 14 existing conditions: built fabric


The soil productivity is evaluated through the combination of: slope analysis, accessibility and developable areas; water run-off, possible water collection systems and potential hazards; soil quality and solar radiation levels.

土壤生產力根據以下諸個因素評估:坡度分析,可達性,可建設區域,地表徑流,具有雨水收集潛能的地區,受災系數,土壤性質,陽光照度。

 
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10 / 14 proposed road network: slope evaluation


The configuration of the green corridors is then mediated by the existing vegetation, the main infrastructure and a logic of spatial sequences related to the public space. Finally the road network is punctually redesigned in order to generate loops that allow an easier implementation of the public transportation system.

我們提出的綠色廊道還充分考慮了已有的植被分布,主要基礎設施和公共空間的空間秩序邏輯。最后,為了形成一個更加有效的公共交通體系,我們也對現有路網結構進行了局部調整。

 
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11 / 14 water run-off + existing vegetation + soil productivity
 
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12 / 14 proposed green corridors
 
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13 / 14 green corridors: public and productive green
 
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14 / 14 modified masterplan with areas for potential future expansion